George Strother Gaines George Strother Gaines played a pivotal role in events that shaped the early development and history of Alabama and Mississippi. He was also instrumental in developing and operating a state bank, overseeing Choctaw land claims, and promoting a railroad. Gaines spent his later years in Mississippi as a cattle rancher, legislator, and nursery owner.
Jump to navigation Jump to search George Strother Gaines 1 May — 21 January had an influential role in the early history of Alabama and Mississippi. During his long and varied career he was a federal trade agent for the region's Indian tribes, explored the country west of the Mississippi River and supervised the removal of Choctaw Indians.
He also served as a state senator, banker, and railroad lobbyist. His father had served in the Revolutionary War and both parents came from prominent Virginia families.
His older brother, Edmund Pendleton Gainesfor whom Gainesville, Florida was named, rose to the rank of major general in the U. Not long after George's birth, the family moved to Gallatin, Tennessee. In Gaines was appointed to work for the federal government as an assistant Indian factor at the Choctaw Trading House in St.
StephensMississippi Territory now in Alabama. Indian factors coordinated trading practices and served as personal contacts between the government and the tribes. Stephens was a small settlement on the banks of the Tombigbee River.
In the senior Indian factor, Joseph Chambers, resigned and Gaines replaced him. In this position he earned the respect of Indians and the settlers. As tensions grew between settlers and Indian tribes over land, Gaines was able to maintain a degree of calm in the region.
He outfitted Choctaw volunteers to fight against the Creeks during the Creek War of Stephens, now the temporary capital of the new Alabama Territory.
Financial difficulties made worse by the Panic offorced Gaines to resign in He moved to Demopolis and purchased the Choctaw Trading House from the federal government.
Gaines assumed responsibility for its operation, and continued trading with the Choctaws.
Gaines also served as the president of the Mobile, Alabamabranch bank from to At the request of the Choctaw tribe, Gaines led an expedition to scout the prospective Choctaw lands in the Indian territorybefore the Choctaws reluctantly agreed to emigrate there.
Gaines was charged with spending too much money on moving the Choctaw, although in comparison he accomplished the task in a relatively humane fashion. He is buried at State Line, Mississippi.
See also[ edit ] Gainestown, Alabamacommunity named in his honor, founded on the site of one of his former trading posts.George Strother Gaines George Strother Gaines () played a pivotal role in events that shaped the early development and history of Alabama and Mississippi.
In a public service and business career that spanned nearly 70 years, Gaines was a federal trade agent to the region's Indian tribes, a state senator, an explorer, and a supervisor of the forced removal of Choctaw Indians. George Gaines is the name of: George Strother Gaines (–), American leader in the Mississippi Territory George Gaines (set decorator) (–), Academy Award winner for Best Art Direction - Set Decoration George Gaynes (–), Finnish-born American actor (Police Academy) George.
Brief History of George Strother Gaines - No matter how far Gaines got away from Demopolis or St. Stephens, he would always be called upon to serve in dealings with the Choctaw Indians. William Ward, the federal agent with the Choctaw Indian tribe contacted Gaines about another treaty conference that would be held in Macon, Mississippi.
George Strother Gaines George Strother Gaines () played a pivotal role in events that shaped the early development and history of Alabama and Mississippi.
In a public service and business career that spanned nearly 70 years, Gaines was a federal trade agent to the region's Indian tribes, a state senator, an explorer, and a supervisor of the forced removal of Choctaw Indians.
George Strother Gaines (): A Leader of Two States, A Servant of Two Peoples. By Gene C. Fant Jr. Sometimes people achieve great influence during their lifetimes, but history reduces them at best to a minimal footnote. Carr compares the writings of Acton and Sir George Clark. Acton, who wrote in the later Victorian age, wrote with a sense of awe and admiration towards history, while Sir George Clark seemed merely bewildered by history.